Konrad Rotkiewicz
min read
Last Update:
January 11, 2024

In the world of blockchain technology, enterprise solutions have been the backbone of many businesses. Private blockchains, such as Hyperledger and R3 Corda, have been the go-to choice, providing the advantages of hosting data within a company's infrastructure while keeping costs manageable. 

However, the horizon of enterprise blockchains is transforming. Public enterprise blockchains like XDC, Coreum, and Aleph Zero have emerged, offering a fresh perspective. These blockchains prioritize transparency, accessibility, and decentralization. As we delve into these novel solutions, it's essential to consider the ISO 20022 standard and its growing relevance.

ISO 20022 serves as the global standard for financial messaging, positioned to be the universal lingua franca for cross-border payment communication. Its significance lies in its capacity to unify financial entities worldwide through a shared messaging data schema. This simplifies interactions between banks, wealth management funds, and governments, offering a standardized avenue for data exchange, and eliminating the need to accommodate individual entity-specific schemas.

The Rise of Public Enterprise Blockchains

The transition from traditional private enterprise blockchains to the emerging realm of public enterprise blockchains is not just noteworthy; it's a significant shift with far-reaching implications. This evolution signals a departure from the exclusivity of private blockchains towards a more open and collaborative approach. 

Public enterprise blockchains like XDC, Coreum, and Aleph Zero are designed with transparency, decentralization, and accessibility at their core. This shift empowers a broader audience to participate, fostering a more inclusive ecosystem where innovation and opportunities can flourish. The advantages of public blockchains extend beyond cost savings, offering a new level of trust and openness in enterprise operations.

Exploring XDC

Since its inception in 2017, the XDC Network has been nurtured by a diverse community of developers, early adopters, and passionate advocates dedicated to driving the adoption of XDC's blockchain technology. As an open-source enterprise-grade blockchain, the XDC Network was purposefully designed to empower users of distributed ledger technology (DLT) to enhance the efficiency of storing and exchanging data, assets, and ideas through decentralized applications and enforceable smart contracts.

XinFin Fintech's vision for an enterprise-grade blockchain network was rooted in a solid technical foundation and a sustainable path toward decentralized participation. This vision has not only inspired but actively driven distributed innovation and widespread adoption. The thriving decentralized community, characterized by its diverse and enthusiastic contributions, has paved the way for significant opportunities for network adoption.

At the core of this ecosystem is the XDC Foundation, diligently working to foster and sustain the XDC Network's open-source technology for a multitude of diverse applications. Founded in the middle of 2021, the XDC Foundation is a community-driven initiative formed to support the growth, development, and adoption of the XDC Network. It collaborates with a well-informed and active collective of developers, world trade experts, and content creators who harness the capabilities of the XDC Network.

The XDC Foundation stands as an independent, community-focused entity, established with a grant from XinFin, with a primary mission to champion and support ecosystem development across the network. In this collective effort, the XDC Network's potential is fully realized, ushering in a new era of decentralized innovation.

Coreum: Redefining Public Enterprise Blockchains

Coreum stands out as a third-generation, Layer 1 blockchain, meticulously designed to lay the foundation for the future of decentralized applications. This innovative blockchain boasts remarkable features, including the capacity to handle a staggering 7,000 transactions per second and an impressive block time of just 1.5 seconds. Coreum's commitment to sustainability is evident, with a 99% lower carbon footprint compared to traditional systems.

Coreum operates through a Bonded Proof of Stake (BPoS) consensus mechanism, offering capabilities for staking, non-custodial delegating, slashing, and governance. What sets Coreum apart is its support for on-chain token issuance, minting, and tokenization. 

It provides a robust framework for the issuance of both fungible and non-fungible assets directly on-chain, taking asset issuance and minting to new heights. This built-in functionality even accommodates customization for tokenized assets, making it an ideal fit for heavily regulated financial markets like stocks and ETFs.

At the heart of the Coreum blockchain lies the CORE token, its native digital currency. The CORE token serves as the primary means of facilitating all operations and functionalities within the network.

Coreum further goes the extra mile by providing developers and financial institutions with essential infrastructure to build a wide range of DeFi applications. In addition, Coreum offers incentives and grants to qualified developers, fostering the creation of user-friendly dApps on the Coreum blockchain.

Aleph’s Zero Innovation

Aleph Zero distinguishes itself with its pioneering innovations, built on a foundation of a novel, peer-reviewed consensus protocol known as AlephBFT. The consensus mechanism leverages a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) architecture as an intermediary data structure, enabling rapid time to finality. It's essential to clarify that while Aleph Zero employs a DAG, it fundamentally operates as a blockchain, not a traditional DAG.

What sets Aleph Zero apart from conventional blockchains is its approach to consensus. In most blockchain systems, only one block at a time can be created globally, necessitating mechanisms for assigning block creation tasks to specific users. 

This inherent limitation constrains the overall protocol throughput. AlephBFT, being a DAG consensus protocol, revolutionizes this by allowing multiple users to create units or blocks simultaneously, which are subsequently ordered and validated by Aleph Zero's unique consensus mechanism. This innovative approach results in significant gains in both speed and throughput for the entire platform.

In terms of security, Aleph Zero is engineered with three critical qualities—being asynchronous, leader-free, and Byzantine Fault Tolerant. Its asynchronicity ensures that honest transactions will be confirmed even during times of total asynchrony in the network, ensuring both DDoS resilience and easy protocol recovery following network partitions.

The leader-free design of Aleph Zero decentralizes control, eliminating the presence of a single node in charge of creating a total ordering of units at any stage of the process. This not only enhances decentralization but also guards against timed DDoS attacks that may target validators. 

Additionally, Aleph Zero's Byzantine Fault Tolerance allows it to withstand up to 33% malicious committee members without affecting the validation process. Each transaction is confirmed as soon as 67% of the members reach a consensus on it.

Comparing XDC, Coreum, and Aleph Zero

Now, let's take a closer look at how these three pioneering public enterprise blockchains stack up against each other in key aspects. Below is a comparative table highlighting the distinctive features of each blockchain:

XDC Network

Consensus Mechanism: Delegated Proof of Stake

Transactions per Second: 2,000+ TPS

Block Time: 2 seconds

Sustainability: Energy-efficient

Token Issuance: Native token CO

Community Support: Strong developer community


Consensus Mechanism: Bonded Proof of Stake (BPoS)

Transactions per Second: 7,000 TPS

Block Time: 1.5 seconds

Sustainability: 99% lower carbon footprint

Token Issuance: CORE token

Community Support: Developer incentives

Aleph Zero

Consensus Mechanism: AlephBFT (DAG-based)

Transactions per Second: Rapid Time to Finality

Block Time: 1 second

Sustainability: Asynchronous, leader-free

Token Issuance: Not specified

Community Support: Significant venture capital

While each of these public enterprise blockchains offers unique strengths, the choice between them ultimately depends on specific business needs. XDC Network prioritizes speed and efficiency with its Delegated Proof of Stake mechanism. Coreum boasts remarkable transaction speeds and supports the issuance of various on-chain assets. Aleph Zero, with its innovative AlephBFT consensus, combines the advantages of both blockchain and DAG, offering rapid time to finality and robust security.

ISO 20022: A Game-Changer for Financial Messaging

ISO 20022, the international protocol for secure and standardized financial message exchange, is poised to revolutionize the way organizations within the payment industry communicate. This robust standard replaces the aging SWIFT financial messaging system, long employed by banks and financial institutions for global payments.

ISO 20022 addresses a critical need for financial services organizations by providing a globally accepted messaging language. This universal platform streamlines business processes and collaboration among partners. From banks to crypto companies and stock brokers, a wide spectrum of financial institutions stands to benefit. It promotes efficient communication across departments and organizations, leading to cost reductions related to disparate communication systems.

But what makes ISO 20022 truly crucial in the financial landscape? It's a significant step toward embracing technological advancements, particularly in the context of cryptocurrencies. The adoption of ISO 20022 could allow cryptos to be assigned ISO codes, facilitating cross-border crypto payments through centralized financial institutions.

As the financial world transitions towards a new quantum system, ISO 20022 is the gatekeeper. Any third party, including cryptocurrencies, must conform to ISO 20022 standards to engage with these institutions. It's a litmus test for organizations of all sizes to adapt and embrace innovative solutions.

ISO 20022's superiority over traditional legacy formats is evident in its support for substantial data volumes and rapid processing rates. This makes it ideal for quick payments, daily liquidity management, compliance checks, and robust fraud detection and prevention, all of which are paramount in today's financial landscape.

In essence, ISO 20022 isn't just an opportunity; it's a challenge for companies looking to stay at the forefront of technology. Its significance in the world of financial services, with widespread adoption and support from organizations like SWIFT, underscores its central role in modernizing and streamlining financial messaging.

Future of Enterprise Blockchain

As we look ahead, it's clear that these new L1 enterprise-grade blockchains have the potential to make a significant impact on fintech and blockchain. XDC Network, Coreum, and Aleph Zero are showing us how innovation, speed, and sustainability can redefine the way we do things.

In closing, the choice of the right blockchain solution is crucial for businesses in today's dynamic business environment. I encourage you to stay connected with the evolving field of blockchain technology, where possibilities are endless. Explore these innovative solutions for your enterprise needs and be part of the future of blockchain.

Written by
Konrad Rotkiewicz

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